Fibre Comparrison Tables

Comparison Chart

Property

 

Glass Fibre

p-Aramid (Kevlar) Fibre

Carbon Fibre

HM Polyethylene Fibre

Basalt Fibre

Polyester Fibre

Metals

   

E

S

HS

HM

Aluminium

Titanium

Steel

Density

g/cm²

2.54

2.46

1.45

1.76

1.80

0.97

2.66

1.38

2.80

4.50

7.80

Tensile Modulus

GPa

72

87

124

235

338

87

93

14

72

110

207

Tensile Strength

MPa

3400

4600

3600

3500

2480

2650

4500

1200

460

930

620

Specific Modulus

GPa/g/cm³

28

35

85

133

188

90

-

10

26

24

27

Specific Strength

MPa/g/cm³

1340

1870

2480

1990

1380

2730

-

870

164

205

80

Elongation at Break

%

4.8

5.4

2.0

1.2

0.5

3.5

3.1

13.5

8

16

23

Coefficient of thermal Expansion (+expand:-contract)

10-⁶m/mK

+5.0

+2.4

-3.5

-0.36

-0.54

-12.0

8.0

+60.0

+23.4

+10.1

+10.8

Table 2. Comparison of glass fibre reinforced composites
Property E-glass Direct Size Colan AB7E-glass Heat Treated SilaneE-glass Heat Treated VolanS-glass Heat Treated Silane

Tensile Strength

MPa

523

394

349

563

Tensile Modulus

GPa

23.8

-

24.8

-

Flexural Strength

MPa

760

568

536

783

Flexural Modulus

GPa

23.7

24.1

24.4

27.6

Compressive Strength

MPa

419

427

334

453

Glass Content

%

63.7

62.5

63.8

65.6

Table 3. Comparison of E-glass fibre reinforced composites with different yarn processing

Property

 

Random Fibre Chopped Strand Mat

0° / 90° Woven Roving

0° / 90° Knitted Bidirectional Roving

Tensile Strength

MPa

105

250

320

Tensile Modulus

GPa

8.1

13.3

16.2

Flexural Strength

MPa

188

400

511

Flexural Modulus

GPa

6.8

12.1

15.2

Inter-laminar Shear Strength

MPa

21.5

25.0

26.5

Glass Content

%

31

50

50